Ideas from 'New Scientist articles' by New Scientist writers [2013], by Theme Structure

[found in 'New Scientist magazine' (ed/tr -) [ 2013,]].

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7. Existence / A. Nature of Existence / 6. Reason for Existence
Current physics says matter and antimatter should have reduced to light at the big bang
CP violation shows a decay imbalance in matter and antimatter, leading to matter's dominance
14. Science / A. Basis of Science / 4. Prediction
A system can infer the structure of the world by making predictions about it
15. Nature of Minds / C. Capacities of Minds / 3. Abstraction by mind
Neural networks can extract the car-ness of a car, or the chair-ness of a chair
18. Thought / A. Modes of Thought / 6. Rationality
No one has yet devised a rationality test
18. Thought / A. Modes of Thought / 7. Intelligence
About a third of variation in human intelligence is environmental
People can be highly intelligent, yet very stupid
18. Thought / B. Mechanics of Thought / 1. Psychology
Psychologists measure personality along five dimensions
27. Natural Reality / A. Classical Physics / 2. Thermodynamics / d. Entropy
Entropy is the only time-asymmetric law, so time may be linked to entropy
27. Natural Reality / B. Modern Physics / 2. Electrodynamics / a. Electrodynamics
Light moves at a constant space-time speed, but its direction is in neither space nor time
27. Natural Reality / B. Modern Physics / 2. Electrodynamics / d. Quantum mechanics
Quantum states are measured by external time, of unknown origin
The Schrödinger equation describes the evolution of an object's wave function in Hilbert space
27. Natural Reality / B. Modern Physics / 5. Unified Models / b. String theory
String theory needs at least 10 space-time dimensions
In string theory space-time has a grainy indivisible substructure
It is impossible for find a model of actuality among the innumerable models in string theory
27. Natural Reality / C. Space-Time / 1. Space / b. Space
Hilbert Space is an abstraction representing all possible states of a quantum system
27. Natural Reality / C. Space-Time / 2. Time / e. Existence of time
Quantum theory relies on a clock outside the system - but where is it located?
Entropy is puzzling, so we may need to build new laws which include time directionality
27. Natural Reality / C. Space-Time / 3. Space-Time
Space-time may be a geometrical manifestation of quantum entanglement
Einstein's merging of time with space has left us confused about the nature of time
Relativity makes time and space jointly basic; quantum theory splits them, and prioritises time
27. Natural Reality / D. Cosmology / 7. Black Holes
Black holes have entropy, but general relativity says they are unstructured, and lack entropy
General relativity predicts black holes, as former massive stars, and as galaxy centres
27. Natural Reality / D. Cosmology / 8. Dark Matter
84.5 percent of the universe is made of dark matter
27. Natural Reality / E. Chemistry / 1. Chemistry
We are halfway to synthesising any molecule we want
27. Natural Reality / E. Chemistry / 3. Periodic Table
Chemistry just needs the periodic table, and protons, electrons and neutrinos