Ideas from 'Db (chronology)' by PG [2030], by Theme Structure

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1. Philosophy / C. History of Philosophy / 2. Ancient Philosophy / a. Ancient chronology
323 (roughly): Euclid wrote 'Elements', summarising all of geometry
1000 (roughly): Upanishads written (in Sanskrit); religious and philosophical texts
750 (roughly): the Book of Genesis written by Hebrew writers
586: eclipse of the sun on the coast of modern Turkey was predicted by Thales of Miletus
570: Anaximander flourished in Miletus
563: the Buddha born in northern India
540: Lao Tzu wrote 'Tao Te Ching', the basis of Taoism
529: Pythagoras created his secretive community at Croton in Sicily
500: Heraclitus flourishes at Ephesus, in modern Turkey
496: Confucius travels widely, persuading rulers to be more moral
472: Empedocles persuades his city (Acragas in Sicily) to become a democracy
450 (roughly): Parmenides and Zeno visit Athens from Italy
445: Protagoras helps write laws for the new colony of Thurii
436 (roughly): Anaxagoras is tried for impiety, and expelled from Athens
427: Gorgias visited Athens as ambassador for Leontini
399: Socrates executed (with Plato absent through ill health)
387 (roughly): Plato returned to Athens, and founded the Academy
387 (roughly): Aristippus the Elder founder a hedonist school at Cyrene
367: the teenaged Aristotle came to study at the Academy
360 (roughly): Diogenes of Sinope lives in a barrel in central Athens
347: death of Plato
343: Aristotle becomes tutor to 13 year old Alexander (the Great)
335: Arisotle founded his school at the Lyceum in Athens
330 (roughly): Chuang Tzu wrote his Taoist book
322: Aristotle retired to Chalcis, and died there
307 (roughly): Epicurus founded his school at the Garden in Athens
301 (roughly): Zeno of Citium founded Stoicism at the Stoa Poikile in Athens
261: Cleanthes replaced Zeno as head of the Stoa
229 (roughly): Chrysippus replaced Cleanthes has head of the Stoa
157 (roughly): Carneades became head of the Academy
85: most philosophical activity moves to Alexandria
78: Cicero visited the stoic school on Rhodes
60 (roughly): Lucretius wrote his Latin poem on epicureanism
65: Seneca forced to commit suicide by Nero
80: the discourses of the stoic Epictetus are written down
170 (roughly): Marcus Aurelius wrote his private stoic meditations
-200 (roughly): Sextus Empiricus wrote a series of books on scepticism
263: Porphyry began to study with Plotinus in Rome
310: Christianity became the official religion of the Roman empire
387: Ambrose converts Augustine to Christianity
523: Boethius imprisoned at Pavia, and begins to write
529: the emperor Justinian closes all the philosophy schools in Athens
1. Philosophy / C. History of Philosophy / 3. Earlier European Philosophy / a. Earlier European chronology
622 (roughly): Mohammed writes the Koran
642: Arabs close the philosophy schools in Alexandria
910 (roughly): Al-Farabi wrote Arabic commentaries on Aristotle
1015 (roughly): Ibn Sina (Avicenna) writes a book on Aristotle
1090: Anselm publishes his proof of the existence of God
1115: Abelard is the chief logic teacher in Paris
1166: Ibn Rushd (Averroes) wrote extensive commentaries on Aristotle
1266: Aquinas began writing 'Summa Theologica'
1280: after his death, the teaching of Aquinas becomes official Dominican doctrine
1328: William of Ockham decides the Pope is a heretic, and moves to Munich
1347: the Church persecutes philosophical heresies
1470: Marsilio Ficino founds a Platonic Academy in Florence
1513: Machiavelli wrote 'The Prince'
1543: Copernicus publishes his heliocentric view of the solar system
1580: Montaigne publishes his essays
1600: Giordano Bruno was burned at the stake in Rome
1. Philosophy / C. History of Philosophy / 4. Later European Philosophy / a. Later European chronology
1662: the Port Royal Logic is published
1665: Spinoza writes his 'Ethics'
1619: Descartes's famous day of meditation inside a stove
1676: Leibniz settled as librarian to the Duke of Brunswick
1687: Newton publishes his 'Principia Mathematica'
1690: Locke publishes his 'Essay'
1697: Bayle publishes his 'Dictionary'
1713: Berkeley publishes his 'Three Dialogues'
1734: Voltaire publishes his 'Philosophical Letters'
1739: Hume publishes his 'Treatise'
1762: Rousseau publishes his 'Social Contract'
1781: Kant publishes his 'Critique of Pure Reason'
1785: Reid publishes his essays defending common sense
1798: the French Revolution
1807: Hegel publishes his 'Phenomenology of Spirit'
1818: Schopenhauer publishes his 'World as Will and Idea'
1840: Kierkegaard is writing extensively in Copenhagen
1843: Mill publishes his 'System of Logic'
1848: Marx and Engels publis the Communist Manifesto
1859: Darwin publishes his 'Origin of the Species'
1861: Mill publishes 'Utilitarianism'
1867: Marx begins publishing 'Das Kapital'
1620: Bacon publishes 'Novum Organum'
1633: Galileo convicted of heresy by the Inquisition
1641: Descartes publishes his 'Meditations'
1650: death of Descartes, in Stockholm
1651: Hobbes publishes 'Leviathan'
1. Philosophy / C. History of Philosophy / 5. Modern Philosophy / a. Modern philosophy chronology
1888: Dedekind publishes axioms for arithmetic
1890: James published 'Principles of Psychology'
1879: Peirce taught for five years at Johns Hopkins University
1879: Frege invents predicate logic
1892: Frege's essay 'Sense and Reference'
1884: Frege publishes his 'Foundations of Arithmetic'
1885: Nietzsche completed 'Thus Spake Zarathustra'
1895 (roughly): Freud developed theories of the unconscious
1900: Husserl began developing Phenomenology
1903: Moore published 'Principia Ethica'
1904: Dewey became professor at Columbia University
1908: Zermelo publishes axioms for set theory
1910: Russell and Whitehead begin publishing 'Principia Mathematica'
1912: Russell meets Wittgenstein in Cambridge
1921: Wittgenstein's 'Tractatus' published
1927: Heidegger's 'Being and Time' published
1930: Frank Ramsey dies at 27
1931: Gödel's Incompleteness Theorems
1933: Tarski's theory of truth
1942: Camus published 'The Myth of Sisyphus'
1943: Sartre's 'Being and Nothingness'
1945: Merleau-Ponty's 'Phenomenology of Perception'
1947: Carnap published 'Meaning and Necessity'
1950: Quine's essay 'Two Dogmas of Empiricism'
1953: Wittgenstein's 'Philosophical Investigations'
1956: Place proposed mind-brain identity
1962: Kuhn's 'Structure of Scientific Revolutions'
1967: Putnam proposed functionalism of the mind
1971: Rawls's 'A Theory of Justice'
1972: Kripke publishes 'Naming and Necessity'
1975: Singer publishes 'Animal Rights'
1975: Putnam published his Twin Earth example
1986: David Lewis publishes 'On the Plurality of Worlds'