Ideas from 'Db (ideas)' by PG [2031], by Theme Structure

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1. Philosophy / F. Analytic Philosophy / 4. Ordinary Language
Note that "is" can assert existence, or predication, or identity, or classification
2. Reason / F. Fallacies / 1. Fallacy
Fallacies are errors in reasoning, 'formal' if a clear rule is breached, and 'informal' if more general
2. Reason / F. Fallacies / 3. Question Begging
Question-begging assumes the proposition which is being challenged
2. Reason / F. Fallacies / 6. Fallacy of Division
What is true of a set is also true of its members
2. Reason / F. Fallacies / 7. Ad Hominem
The Ad Hominem Fallacy criticises the speaker rather than the argument
3. Truth / H. Deflationary Truth / 3. Minimalist Truth
Minimal theories of truth avoid ontological commitment to such things as 'facts' or 'reality'
5. Theory of Logic / L. Paradox / 1. Paradox
Monty Hall Dilemma: do you abandon your preference after Monty eliminates one of the rivals?
11. Knowledge Aims / C. Knowing Reality / 1. Perceptual Realism / a. Na´ve realism
If reality is just what we perceive, we would have no need for a sixth sense
12. Knowledge Sources / A. A Priori Knowledge / 5. A Priori Synthetic
If my team is losing 3-1, I have synthetic a priori knowledge that they need two goals for a draw
17. Mind and Body / E. Mind as Physical / 7. Anti-Physicalism / b. Multiple realisability
Maybe a mollusc's brain events for pain ARE of the same type (broadly) as a human's
Maybe a frog's brain events for fear are functionally like ours, but not phenomenally
23. Ethics / E. Utilitarianism / 4. Unfairness
Utilitarianism seems to justify the discreet murder of unhappy people
27. Natural Reality / C. Biology / 2. Life
Life is Movement, Respiration, Sensation, Nutrition, Excretion, Reproduction, Growth (MRS NERG)
28. God / A. Divine Nature / 4. Divine Contradictions
How could God know there wasn't an unknown force controlling his 'free' will?
An omniscient being couldn't know it was omniscient, as that requires information from beyond its scope of knowledge