Ideas from 'Clarification and Defense of Grounding' by Paul Audi [2012], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Metaphysical Grounding' (ed/tr Correia,F/Schnieder,B) [CUP 2012,978-1-107-02289-8]].

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7. Existence / C. Structure of Existence / 1. Grounding / a. Nature of grounding
Avoid 'in virtue of' for grounding, since it might imply a reflexive relation such as identity
Ground relations depend on the properties
A ball's being spherical non-causally determines its power to roll
Ground is irreflexive, asymmetric, transitive, non-monotonic etc.
The best critique of grounding says it is actually either identity or elimination
7. Existence / C. Structure of Existence / 1. Grounding / b. Relata of grounding
Grounding is a singular relation between worldly facts
If grounding relates facts, properties must be included, as well as objects
7. Existence / C. Structure of Existence / 1. Grounding / c. Grounding and explanation
We must accept grounding, for our important explanations
7. Existence / C. Structure of Existence / 1. Grounding / d. Grounding and reduction
Reduction is just identity, so the two things are the same fact, so reduction isn't grounding
7. Existence / D. Theories of Reality / 7. Facts / b. Types of fact
Worldly facts are obtaining states of affairs, with constituents; conceptual facts also depend on concepts
14. Science / D. Explanation / 2. Types of Explanation / a. Types of explanation
Two things being identical (like water and H2O) is not an explanation
14. Science / D. Explanation / 2. Types of Explanation / f. Causal explanations
There are plenty of examples of non-causal explanation