Ideas from 'Morality, Action, and Outcome' by Philippa Foot [1985], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Moral Dilemmas' by Foot,Philippa [OUP 2002,0-19-925284-x]].

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23. Ethics / B. Contract Ethics / 1. Contractarianism
A good moral system benefits its participants, and so demands reciprocity
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 2. Elements of Virtue Theory / c. Motivation for virtue
Virtues can have aims, but good states of affairs are not among them
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 3. Virtues / a. Virtues
Some virtues imply rules, and others concern attachment
24. Applied Ethics / A. Decision Conflicts / 6. Double Effect
Acts and omissions only matter if they concern doing something versus allowing it
We see a moral distinction between doing and allowing to happen
We see a moral distinction between our aims and their foreseen consequences