Ideas from 'Gorgias' by Plato [387 BCE], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Complete Works' by Plato (ed/tr Cooper,John M.) [Hackett 1997,0-87220-349-2]].

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1. Philosophy / D. Nature of Philosophy / 6. Despair over Philosophy
Is a gifted philosopher unmanly if he avoids the strife of the communal world?
2. Reason / C. Styles of Reason / 2. Elenchus
In "Gorgias" Socrates is confident that his 'elenchus' will decide moral truth
We should test one another, by asking and answering questions
19. Language / A. Language / 3. Rhetoric
Rhetoric can produce conviction, but not educate people about right and wrong
Rhetoric is irrational about its means and its ends
22. Metaethics / A. Ethical Ends / 2. Goodness / b. Candidates for the Good
As with other things, a good state is organised and orderly
22. Metaethics / A. Ethical Ends / 2. Goodness / c. Form of the Good
Good should be the aim of pleasant activity, not the other way round
All activity aims at the good
22. Metaethics / A. Ethical Ends / 5. Happiness / d. Routes to happiness
A good person is bound to act well, and this brings happiness
22. Metaethics / A. Ethical Ends / 6. Pleasure / b. Value of pleasure
In slaking our thirst the goodness of the action and the pleasure are clearly separate
If happiness is the satisfaction of desires, then a life of scratching itches should be happiness
22. Metaethics / A. Ethical Ends / 6. Pleasure / e. Role of pleasure
Good and bad people seem to experience equal amounts of pleasure and pain
22. Metaethics / A. Ethical Ends / 6. Pleasure / f. Dangers of pleasure
In a fool's mind desire is like a leaky jar, insatiable in its desires, and order and contentment are better
22. Metaethics / A. Ethical Ends / 9. Selfishness
Is it natural to simply indulge our selfish desires?
22. Metaethics / B. Basis of Ethics / 3. Morality as Convention
Moral rules are made by the weak members of humanity
23. Ethics / A. Egoism / 2. Hedonism
Is the happiest state one of sensual, self-indulgent freedom?
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 2. Elements of Virtue Theory / c. Motivation for virtue
Should we avoid evil because it will bring us bad consequences?
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 2. Elements of Virtue Theory / e. Character
I would rather be a victim of crime than a criminal
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 3. Virtues / b. Temperance
If absence of desire is happiness, then nothing is happier than a stone or a corpse
Self-indulgent desire makes friendship impossible, because it makes a person incapable of co-operation
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 3. Virtues / c. Justice
Do most people praise self-discipline and justice because they are too timid to gain their own pleasure?
A criminal is worse off if he avoids punishment
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 4. External Goods / b. Health
The popular view is that health is first, good looks second, and honest wealth third
25. Society / C. Political Doctrines / 5. Democracy / c. Direct democracy
A good citizen won't be passive, but will redirect the needs of the state
25. Society / D. Social Rights / 3. Social Equality / a. Grounds of equality
Do most people like equality because they are second-rate?
25. Society / D. Social Rights / 3. Social Equality / d. Economic equality
Does nature imply that it is right for better people to have greater benefits?