Ideas from 'Phaedrus' by Plato [366 BCE], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Complete Works' by Plato (ed/tr Cooper,John M.) [Hackett 1997,0-87220-349-2]].

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1. Philosophy / D. Nature of Philosophy / 1. Philosophy
Can we understand an individual soul without knowing the soul in general?
1. Philosophy / D. Nature of Philosophy / 2. Invocation to Philosophy
The highest ability in man is the ability to discuss unity and plurality in the nature of things
1. Philosophy / F. Analytic Philosophy / 1. Analysis
A speaker should be able to divide a subject, right down to the limits of divisibility
7. Existence / D. Theories of Reality / 1. Realism
Reasoning needs to cut nature accurately at the joints
7. Existence / E. Categories / 2. Categorisation
I revere anyone who can discern a single thing that encompasses many things
8. Modes of Existence / D. Universals / 2. Need for Universals
It takes a person to understand, by using universals, and by using reason to create a unity out of sense-impressions
8. Modes of Existence / D. Universals / 6. Platonic Forms / a. Platonic Forms
We would have an overpowering love of knowledge if we had a pure idea of it - as with the other Forms
12. Knowledge Sources / C. Rationalism / 1. Rationalism
True knowledge is of the reality behind sense experience
14. Science / A. Basis of Science / 5. Anomalies
If the apparent facts strongly conflict with probability, it is in everyone's interests to suppress the facts
15. Nature of Minds / A. Nature of Mind / 2. Psuché
The soul is self-motion
19. Language / F. Communication / 1. Rhetoric
An excellent speech seems to imply a knowledge of the truth in the mind of the speaker
'Phaedrus' pioneers the notion of philosophical rhetoric
Only a good philosopher can be a good speaker
21. Aesthetics / A. Aesthetic Experience / 3. Beauty
Beauty is the clearest and most lovely of the Forms
22. Metaethics / B. The Good / 3. Pleasure / c. Value of pleasure
Most pleasure is release from pain, and is therefore not worthwhile
22. Metaethics / C. Ethics Foundations / 2. Source of Ethics / e. Human nature
The two ruling human principles are the natural desire for pleasure, and an acquired love of virtue
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 2. Elements of Virtue Theory / c. Motivation for virtue
Reason impels us towards excellence, which teaches us self-control
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 4. External Goods / d. Friendship
Bad people are never really friends with one another
27. Natural Reality / D. Cosmology / 2. Beginning
If the prime origin is destroyed, it will not come into being again out of anything
28. God / A. Divine Nature / 3. Divine Perfections
The mind of God is fully satisfied and happy with a vision of reality and truth
28. God / A. Divine Nature / 7. God Reflecting Humanity
We cannot conceive of God, so we have to think of Him as an immortal version of ourselves
28. God / E. Attitudes to God / 4. Atheism
There isn't a single reason for positing the existence of immortal beings
29. Religion / E. Immortality / 1. Immortality
Soul is always in motion, so it must be self-moving and immortal