Ideas from 'A Discourse on Method' by René Descartes [1637], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Discourse on Method/The Meditations' by Descartes,René (ed/tr Sutcliffe,F.E.) [Penguin 1968,0-14-044206-5]].

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1. Philosophy / D. Nature of Philosophy / 1. Philosophy
Slow and accurate thought makes the greatest progress
1. Philosophy / D. Nature of Philosophy / 6. Despair over Philosophy
Most things in human life seem vain and useless
Almost every daft idea has been expressed by some philosopher
2. Reason / A. Nature of Reason / 4. Aims of Reason
Methodical thinking is cautious, analytical, systematic, and panoramic
2. Reason / F. Fallacies / 4. Circularity
Clear and distinct conceptions are true because a perfect God exists
3. Truth / A. Truth Problems / 8. Subjective Truth
Truth is clear and distinct conception - of which it is hard to be sure
11. Knowledge Aims / A. Knowledge / 3. Belief / a. Beliefs
We can believe a thing without knowing we believe it
11. Knowledge Aims / B. Certain Knowledge / 1. Certainty
In morals Descartes accepts the conventional, but rejects it in epistemology
11. Knowledge Aims / B. Certain Knowledge / 5. The Cogito
In thinking everything else false, my own existence remains totally certain
12. Knowledge Sources / A. A Priori Knowledge / 6. A Priori from Reason
I aim to find the principles and causes of everything, using the seeds within my mind
12. Knowledge Sources / C. Rationalism / 1. Rationalism
Understanding gives knowledge, not imagination or senses
13. Knowledge Criteria / B. Internal Justification / 4. Foundationalism / a. Foundationalism
I was searching for reliable rock under the shifting sand
13. Knowledge Criteria / D. Scepticism / 6. Scepticism Critique
When rebuilding a house, one needs alternative lodgings
14. Science / A. Basis of Science / 3. Experiment
Only experiments can settle disagreements between rival explanations
15. Nature of Minds / A. Nature of Mind / 7. Animal Minds
Little reason is needed to speak, so animals have no reason at all
16. Persons / D. Self as Non-Physical / 1. Spiritual Self
I am a thinking substance, which doesn't need a place or material support
17. Mind and Body / A. Mind-Body Dualism / 1. Dualism
I can deny my body and the world, but not my own existence
Reason is universal in its responses, but a physical machine is constrained by its organs
17. Mind and Body / A. Mind-Body Dualism / 2. Interactionism
The soul must unite with the body to have appetites and sensations
18. Thought / E. Artificial Intelligence / 3. Turing Test
A machine could speak in response to physical stimulus, but not hold a conversation
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 1. Virtue Theory / d. Virtue theory critique
Greeks elevate virtues enormously, but never explain them
26. Natural Theory / D. Laws of Nature / 7. Strictness of Laws
God has established laws throughout nature, and implanted ideas of them within us