Ideas from 'Empty Names' by Sarah Sawyer [2012], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Routledge Companion to Phil of Language' (ed/tr Russell,G/Graff Faria,D.) [Routledge 2015,978-1-138-77618-0]].

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5. Theory of Logic / D. Assumptions for Logic / 2. Excluded Middle
Russell's theories aim to preserve excluded middle (saying all sentences are T or F)
5. Theory of Logic / F. Referring in Logic / 1. Naming / a. Names
Semantic theory should specify when an act of naming is successful
5. Theory of Logic / F. Referring in Logic / 1. Naming / c. Names as referential
Millians say a name just means its object
5. Theory of Logic / F. Referring in Logic / 1. Naming / e. Empty names
Russell implies that all sentences containing empty names are false
Sentences with empty names can be understood, be co-referential, and even be true
If sentences have a 'sense', empty name sentences can be understood that way
Frege's compositional account of truth-vaues makes 'Pegasus doesn't exist' neither true nor false
5. Theory of Logic / F. Referring in Logic / 2. Descriptions / c. Theory of definite descriptions
Definites descriptions don't solve the empty names problem, because the properties may not exist