Ideas from 'Identity and Necessity' by Saul A. Kripke [1971], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Meaning and Reference' (ed/tr Moore,A.W.) [OUP 1993,0-19-875125-7]].

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5. Theory of Logic / F. Referring in Logic / 1. Naming / b. Names as descriptive
We may fix the reference of 'Cicero' by a description, but thereafter the name is rigid
5. Theory of Logic / F. Referring in Logic / 1. Naming / c. Names as referential
The function of names is simply to refer
10. Modality / D. Knowledge of Modality / 3. A Posteriori Necessary
It is necessary that this table is not made of ice, but we don't know it a priori
10. Modality / E. Possible worlds / 3. Transworld Objects / b. Rigid designation
A 'rigid designator' designates the same object in all possible worlds
We cannot say that Nixon might have been a different man from the one he actually was
10. Modality / E. Possible worlds / 3. Transworld Objects / c. Counterparts
Modal statements about this table never refer to counterparts; that confuses epistemology and metaphysics
17. Mind and Body / A. Mind-Body Dualism / 7. Zombies
Identity theorists must deny that pains can be imagined without brain states
17. Mind and Body / E. Physicalism / 7. Anti-Physicalism / e. Modal argument
Pain, unlike heat, is picked out by an essential property