Ideas from 'Philosophy of Language' by Scott Soames [2010], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Philosophy of Language' by Soames,Scott [Princeton 2010,978-0-691-13866-4]].

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4. Formal Logic / D. Modal Logic ML / 1. Modal Logic
The interest of quantified modal logic is its metaphysical necessity and essentialism
5. Theory of Logic / F. Referring in Logic / 2. Descriptions / a. Descriptions
Indefinite descriptions are quantificational in subject position, but not in predicate position
5. Theory of Logic / F. Referring in Logic / 2. Descriptions / c. Theory of definite descriptions
Recognising the definite description 'the man' as a quantifier phrase, not a singular term, is a real insight
5. Theory of Logic / G. Quantification / 7. Unorthodox Quantification
The universal and existential quantifiers were chosen to suit mathematics
10. Modality / A. Necessity / 5. Metaphysical Necessity
We understand metaphysical necessity intuitively, from ordinary life
There are more metaphysically than logically necessary truths
19. Language / B. Meaning / 6. Meaning as Truth-Conditions
To study meaning, study truth conditions, on the basis of syntax, and representation by the parts
Tarski's account of truth-conditions is too weak to determine meanings
19. Language / E. Propositions / 2. Nature of Propositions
We should use cognitive states to explain representational propositions, not vice versa