Ideas from 'Against the Physicists (two books)' by Sextus Empiricus [180], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Against the Physicists/Against the Ethicists' by Sextus Empiricus (ed/tr Bury,R.G.) [Harvard Loeb 1997,0-674-99344-6]].

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9. Objects / C. Structure of Objects / 8. Parts of Objects / c. Wholes from parts
Parts are not parts if their whole is nothing more than the parts
12. Knowledge Sources / C. Rationalism / 1. Rationalism
Some say motion is perceived by sense, but others say it is by intellect
15. Nature of Minds / C. Capacities of Minds / 6. Idealisation
If we try to conceive of a line with no breadth, it ceases to exist, and so has no length
17. Mind and Body / D. Property Dualism / 4. Emergentism
The incorporeal is not in the nature of body, and so could not emerge from it
27. Natural Reality / A. Classical Physics / 1. Mechanics / a. Explaining movement
A man walking backwards on a forwards-moving ship is moving in a fixed place
27. Natural Reality / D. Time / 2. Passage of Time / c. Tenses and time
Time doesn't end with the Universe, because tensed statements about destruction remain true
27. Natural Reality / D. Time / 3. Parts of Time / c. Intervals
Time is divisible, into past, present and future
27. Natural Reality / D. Time / 3. Parts of Time / e. Present moment
Socrates either dies when he exists (before his death) or when he doesn't (after his death)
If the present is just the limit of the past or the future, it can't exist because they don't exist
28. God / A. Divine Nature / 2. Divine Nature
God must suffer to understand suffering
All men agree that God is blessed, imperishable, happy and good
28. God / A. Divine Nature / 3. Divine Perfections
The Divine must lack the virtues of continence and fortitude, because they are not needed
28. God / B. Proving God / 1. Proof of God
God is defended by agreement, order, absurdity of denying God, and refutations
28. God / B. Proving God / 2. Proofs of Reason / b. Ontological Proof critique
God's sensations imply change, and hence perishing, which is absurd, so there is no such God
God without virtue is absurd, but God's virtues will be better than God
28. God / B. Proving God / 3. Proofs of Evidence / b. Teleological Proof
The original substance lacked motion or shape, and was given these by a cause
28. God / C. Attitudes to God / 4. God Reflects Humanity
The perfections of God were extrapolations from mankind
28. God / C. Attitudes to God / 5. Atheism
Gods were invented as watchers of people's secret actions
An incorporeal God could do nothing, and a bodily god would perish, so there is no God
29. Religion / A. Polytheistic Religion / 1. Animism
It is mad to think that what is useful to us, like lakes and rivers, are gods