Ideas from 'Equality' by Thomas Nagel [1977], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Mortal Questions' by Nagel,Thomas [CUP 1981,0-521-29460-6]].

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23. Ethics / D. Deontological Ethics / 3. Universalisability
The general form of moral reasoning is putting yourself in other people's shoes
25. Society / A. State of Nature / 5. Original Position / c. Difference principle
An egalitarian system must give priority to those with the worst prospects in life
25. Society / D. Social Rights / 1. Legal Rights / a. Basis of rights
A morality of rights is very minimal, leaving a lot of human life without restrictions or duties
25. Society / D. Social Rights / 3. Social Equality / a. Grounds of equality
Equality was once opposed to aristocracy, but now it opposes public utility and individual rights
The ideal of acceptability to each individual underlies the appeal to equality
In judging disputes, should we use one standard, or those of each individual?
25. Society / D. Social Rights / 3. Social Equality / b. Political equality
Equality nowadays is seen as political, social, legal and economic
Equality can either be defended as good for society, or as good for individual rights