Ideas from 'Evidence' by Timothy McGrew [2011], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Routledge Companion to Epistemology' (ed/tr Bernecker,S/Pritchard,D) [Routledge 2014,978-0-415-72269-8]].

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13. Knowledge Criteria / A. Justification Problems / 3. Internal or External / a. Pro-internalism
Internalists are much more interested in evidence than externalists are
13. Knowledge Criteria / B. Internal Justification / 3. Evidentialism / a. Evidence
Absence of evidence proves nothing, and weird claims need special evidence
Does spotting a new possibility count as evidence?
Every event is highly unlikely (in detail), but may be perfectly plausible
Criminal law needs two separate witnesses, but historians will accept one witness
Maybe all evidence consists of beliefs, rather than of facts
If all evidence is propositional, what is the evidence for the proposition? Do we face a regress?
Several unreliable witnesses can give good support, if they all say the same thing
13. Knowledge Criteria / B. Internal Justification / 3. Evidentialism / b. Evidentialism
Narrow evidentialism relies wholly on propositions; the wider form includes other items
14. Science / A. Basis of Science / 6. Falsification
Falsificationism would be naive if even a slight discrepancy in evidence killed a theory