Ideas from 'Knowledge First (and reply)' by Timothy Williamson [2014], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Contemporary Debates in Epistemology (2nd ed)' (ed/tr Steup/Turri/Sosa) [Wiley Blackwell 2014,978-0-470-67209-9]].

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11. Knowledge Aims / A. Knowledge / 7. Knowledge First
We don't acquire evidence and then derive some knowledge, because evidence IS knowledge
Knowledge is prior to believing, just as doing is prior to trying to do
Belief explains justification, and knowledge explains belief, so knowledge explains justification
A neutral state of experience, between error and knowledge, is not basic; the successful state is basic
Knowledge-first says your total evidence IS your knowledge
Internalism about mind is an obsolete view, and knowledge-first epistemology develops externalism
11. Knowledge Aims / C. Knowing Reality / 1. Perceptual Realism / b. Direct realism
Surely I am acquainted with physical objects, not with appearances?
19. Language / C. Semantics / 1. Semantics
How does inferentialism distinguish the patterns of inference that are essential to meaning?
Inernalist inferentialism has trouble explaining how meaning and reference relate
Inferentialist semantics relies on internal inference relations, not on external references
19. Language / C. Semantics / 3. Extensional Semantics
Truth-conditional referential semantics is externalist, referring to worldly items