Ideas from 'Propositions' by Trenton Merricks [2015], by Theme Structure
[found in 'Propositions' by Merricks,Trenton [OUP 2015,9780198732563]].
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2. Reason / E. Argument / 1. Argument
19215

Arguers often turn the opponent's modus ponens into their own modus tollens

3. Truth / F. Semantic Truth / 2. Semantic Truth
19205

'Snow is white' only contingently expresses the proposition that snow is white

4. Formal Logic / D. Modal Logic ML / 1. Modal Logic
19209

Simple Quantified Modal Logc doesn't work, because the Converse Barcan is a theorem

4. Formal Logic / D. Modal Logic ML / 7. Barcan Formula
19208

The Converse Barcan implies 'everything exists necessarily' is a consequence of 'necessarily, everything exists'

5. Theory of Logic / J. Model Theory in Logic / 1. Logical Models
19207

Sentence logic maps truth values; predicate logic maps objects and sets

9. Objects / E. Objects over Time / 12. Origin as Essential
19214

In twinning, one person has the same origin as another person

19. Language / B. Meaning / 1. Meaning
19217

I don't accept that if a proposition is directly about an entity, it has a relation to the entity

19. Language / B. Meaning / 6. Meaning as TruthConditions
19203

A sentence's truth conditions depend on context

19. Language / E. Propositions / 2. Nature of Propositions
19212

Unity of the proposition questions: what unites them? can the same constituents make different ones?

19213

We want to explain not just what unites the constituents, but what unites them into a proposition

19206

'Cicero is an orator' represents the same situation as 'Tully is an orator', so they are one proposition

19210

The standard view of propositions says they never change their truthvalue

19211

Early Russell says a proposition is identical with its truthmaking state of affairs

19200

Propositions are standardly treated as possible worlds, or as structured

19201

Propositions can be 'about' an entity, but that doesn't make the entity a constituent of it

19202

Propositions are necessary existents which essentially (but inexplicably) represent things

19204

True propositions existed prior to their being thought, and might never be thought
