Ideas from 'Five Milestones of Empiricism' by Willard Quine [1975], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Theories and Things' by Quine,Willard [Harvard 1981,0-674-87926-0]].

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2. Reason / D. Definition / 7. Contextual Definition
Contextual definition shifted the emphasis from words to whole sentences
Bentham's contextual definitions preserved terms after their denotation became doubtful
12. Knowledge Sources / D. Empiricism / 1. Empiricism
In scientific theories sentences are too brief to be independent vehicles of empirical meaning
Empiricism improvements: words for ideas, then sentences, then systems, then no analytic, then naturalism
19. Language / F. Analytic/Synthetic / 4. Analytic/Synthetic Critique
Holism in language blurs empirical synthetic and empty analytic sentences