Ideas from 'Two Dogmas of Empiricism' by Willard Quine [1953], by Theme Structure

[found in 'From a Logical Point of View' by Quine,Willard [Harper and Row 1963,0-06-130566-9]].

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2. Reason / D. Definition / 1. Definitions
Definition rests on synonymy, rather than explaining it
3. Truth / H. Deflationary Truth / 2. Deflationary Truth
Any statement can be held true if we make enough adjustment to the rest of the system
6. Mathematics / C. Sources of Mathematics / 4. Mathematical Empiricism / a. Mathematical empiricism
Quine blurs the difference between knowledge of arithmetic and of physics
9. Objects / A. Existence of Objects / 1. Physical Objects
If physical objects are a myth, they are useful for making sense of experience
9. Objects / D. Essence of Objects / 15. Against Essentialism
Aristotelian essence of the object has become the modern essence of meaning
10. Modality / A. Necessity / 6. Logical Necessity
Contrary to some claims, Quine does not deny logical necessity
10. Modality / A. Necessity / 11. Denial of Necessity
Quine's attack on the analytic-synthetic distinction undermined necessary truths
12. Knowledge Sources / A. A Priori Knowledge / 8. A Priori as Analytic
Quine challenges the claim that analytic truths are knowable a priori
12. Knowledge Sources / A. A Priori Knowledge / 11. Denying the A Priori
Science is empirical, simple and conservative; any belief can hence be abandoned; so no a priori
Quine's objections to a priori knowledge only work in the domain of science
Logic, arithmetic and geometry are revisable and a posteriori; quantum logic could be right
12. Knowledge Sources / D. Empiricism / 1. Empiricism
Our outer beliefs must match experience, and our inner ones must be simple
Empiricism makes a basic distinction between truths based or not based on facts
12. Knowledge Sources / D. Empiricism / 5. Empiricism Critique
The second dogma is linking every statement to some determinate observations
14. Science / B. Scientific Theories / 6. Theory Holism
Statements about the external world face the tribunal of sense experience as a corporate body
19. Language / B. Meaning / 1. Meaning
It is troublesome nonsense to split statements into a linguistic and a factual component
19. Language / B. Meaning / 11. Synonymy
'Renate' and 'cordate' have identical extensions, but are not synonymous
19. Language / B. Meaning / 12. Denial of Meanings
Once meaning and reference are separated, meaning ceases to seem important
19. Language / F. Analytic/Synthetic / 2. Analytic Propositions
Analytic statements are either logical truths (all reinterpretations) or they depend on synonymy
19. Language / F. Analytic/Synthetic / 4. Analytic/Synthetic Critique
If we try to define analyticity by synonymy, that leads back to analyticity
A circle goes from analytic to definition to synonymy to necessarily to analytic
The last two parts of 'Two Dogmas' are much the best
Quine's attack on analyticity undermined linguistic views of necessity, and analytic views of the a priori
Quine attacks the Fregean idea that we can define analyticity through synonyous substitution
Erasing the analytic/synthetic distinction got rid of meanings, and saved philosophy of language
The analytic needs excessively small units of meaning and empirical confirmation
Did someone ever actually define 'bachelor' as 'unmarried man'?