Ideas from 'Philosophy of Language' by William Lycan [2000], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Philosophy of Language' by Lycan,William G. [Routledge 2000,0-415-17116-4]].

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5. Theory of Logic / F. Referring in Logic / 1. Naming / d. Singular terms
Singular terms refer, using proper names, definite descriptions, singular personal pronouns, demonstratives, etc.
19. Language / B. Meaning / 3. Meaning as Verification
Meaning must be known before we can consider verification
19. Language / B. Meaning / 4. Meaning as Use
It is hard to state a rule of use for a proper name
Could I successfully use an expression, without actually understanding it?
19. Language / B. Meaning / 6. Meaning as Truth-Conditions
The truth conditions theory sees meaning as representation
19. Language / C. Semantics / 4. Truth-Conditions Semantics
Truth conditions will come out the same for sentences with 'renate' or 'cordate'
19. Language / C. Semantics / 5. Possible Worlds Semantics
A sentence's truth conditions is the set of possible worlds in which the sentence is true
Possible worlds explain aspects of meaning neatly - entailment, for example, is the subset relation