Ideas from 'Introduction to German Philosophy' by Andrew Bowie [2003], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Introduction to German Philosophy' by Bowie,Andrew [Polity 2003,978-0-7456-2571-3]].

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2. Reason / A. Nature of Reason / 1. On Reason
Art can make reason more all-inclusive, by articulating what seemed inexpressible
                        Full Idea: The early German Romantics argued that art pointed to a more all-inclusive conception of reason, which can offer ways of articulating what is not conceptually accessible.
                        From: Andrew Bowie (Introduction to German Philosophy [2003], 5 'Reason')
                        A reaction: [This is Novalis, F.Schlegel, Schleiermacher, and Hölderlin] I'm in favour of expanding reason, to include assessment of situations and coherence, rather than just stepwise reasoning. Not sure that art 'articulates' something new.
11. Knowledge Aims / C. Knowing Reality / 3. Idealism / d. Absolute idealism
German Idealism says our thinking and nature have the same rational structure
                        Full Idea: German Idealism aims to demonstrate that our thinking relates to a nature which is intelligibly structured in the same way as our thinking is structured.
                        From: Andrew Bowie (Introduction to German Philosophy [2003], 3 'Limits')
                        A reaction: Now that's an idealism I might buy into. Frege thought his logic was mapping rational reality. My angle is that we are a product of this 'reality', so we should expect our thinking to be similarly structured. Reason is derived from nature.
16. Persons / E. Rejecting the Self / 2. Self as Social Construct
Nazis think race predetermines the self
                        Full Idea: The Nazi idea is that the self is predetermined primarily by its race.
                        From: Andrew Bowie (Introduction to German Philosophy [2003], Intro)
                        A reaction: I suspect that I occasionally encounter this view, in very patriotic people. But then you meet people who feeling that their self is mainly determined by support of a football team. Note, though, 'pre-'determined. Hegel makes this idea possible?
19. Language / F. Communication / 1. Rhetoric
Rhetoric is built into language, so it cannot be stripped from philosophy
                        Full Idea: The attempt to rid philosophy of rhetoric falls prey precisely to that fact that what is involved in rhetoric is inherent in what is built into all natural languages by their genesis in the real historical world.
                        From: Andrew Bowie (Introduction to German Philosophy [2003], 2 'Hamann')
                        A reaction: Rhetoric can range from charming to bullying, and it is the latter which is the problem. The underlying issue is dogma versus dialectic. Some analytic philosophers have a good shot at being non-rhetorical.
24. Political Theory / D. Ideologies / 11. Capitalism
Marx thought capitalism was partly liberating, and could make labour and ownership more humane
                        Full Idea: Marx did not disapprove per se of capitalism. New divisions of labour and forms of ownership could transform individuals in modern societies, creating a more humane world with the means capitalism had liberated from feudalism.
                        From: report of Andrew Bowie (Introduction to German Philosophy [2003]) by Andrew Bowie - Introduction to German Philosophy 11 'Metaphysics'
                        A reaction: I'm guessing this might be early Marx, which has less to say about the 'scientific' inevitably of deep change, and the necessity for revolution. Nowadays we tinker with humane changes at the poorer end, while the rich run rampant.