Ideas from 'Modern Moral Philosophy' by G.E.M. Anscombe [1958], by Theme Structure

[found in 'The Is/Ought Question' (ed/tr Hudson,W.H.) [Macmillan 1969,79-106390(Cong)]].

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23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 2. Elements of Virtue Theory / e. Character
It would be better to point to failings of character, than to moral wrongness of actions
                        Full Idea: It would be a great improvement if, instead of 'morally wrong', one always named a genus such as 'untruthful', 'unchaste', or 'unjust'.
                        From: G.E.M. Anscombe (Modern Moral Philosophy [1958], p.183)
                        A reaction: People are indeed much more struck by the suggestion that they have a weakness of character, rather than that they have just done something wrong. This is Anscombe's first great appeal for a return to virtue as the basis of ethics.
23. Ethics / D. Deontological Ethics / 1. Deontology
'Ought' and 'right' are survivals from earlier ethics, and should be jettisoned
                        Full Idea: The moral sense of 'ought' and of what is right should be jettisoned, if possible, because they are survivals from an earlier conception of ethics, and are only harmful without it.
                        From: G.E.M. Anscombe (Modern Moral Philosophy [1958], p.175)
                        A reaction: This is part of a revolutionary proposal to return to virtue theory, and has had a great influence (e.g. on me). Richard Taylor gives a good account of how duty lost its social and religious underpinnings. Our duties now seem to be purely contractual.
Between Aristotle and us, a Judaeo-Christian legal conception of ethics was developed
                        Full Idea: Between Aristotle and us came Christianity, with its law conception of ethics, and Christianity derived its ethical notions from the Torah.
                        From: G.E.M. Anscombe (Modern Moral Philosophy [1958], p.179)
                        A reaction: While I am a fan of the primacy of the virtues in ethical thinking, I am doubtful about the complete elimination of laws (e.g. by Particularists). The law teaches us the virtues, and reminds us of them (like speed-limit signs).