Ideas from 'Oxford Commentary on Sentences' by John Duns Scotus [1301], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Philosophy in the Middle Ages' by Hyman,A./Walsh,J. [Hackett 1973,0-915145-80-4]].

green numbers give full details    |     back to texts     |     unexpand this idea

9. Objects / C. Structure of Objects / 2. Hylomorphism / d. Form as unifier
Matter and form give true unity; subject and accident is just unity 'per accidens'
                        Full Idea: From matter and form comes one thing per se. This is not so for subject and accident. Matter and form are instrinsic causes of a composite being, but whiteness and a human being are not. Humans can exist without whiteness, so it is one thing per accidens.
                        From: John Duns Scotus (Oxford Commentary on Sentences [1301], II.12.1.14), quoted by Robert Pasnau - Metaphysical Themes 1274-1671
                        A reaction: This isn't much of a theory, but at least it is focusing on an interesting question, and the distinction between genuinely unified, and unified by chance. Compare a loving couple with siblings who hate each other.