Ideas from 'The Theory of Moral Sentiments' by Adam Smith [1759], by Theme Structure

[found in 'British Moralists 1650-1800 Vol. 2' (ed/tr Raphael,D.D.) [Hackett 1991,0-87220-120-1]].

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22. Metaethics / B. The Good / 1. Goodness / i. Moral luck
A carelessly thrown brick is condemned much more if it hits someone
                        Full Idea: Adam Smith wrote about the influence of fortune on moral judgements, giving nice examples. Someone carelessly throws a brick over a wall. His companion may complain even if no harm is done. But if the brick hits someone much greater condemnation ensues.
                        From: report of Adam Smith (The Theory of Moral Sentiments [1759]) by Gilbert Harman - Moral Philosophy meets social psychology
                        A reaction: This appears to be the earliest observation of the phenomenon of moral luck, though Plato (Idea 269) endorsed the view that the luck of outcome should be taken into account in moral judgements.