Ideas from 'Scattered Objects' by Richard Cartwright [1974], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Philosophical Essays' by Cartwright,Richard [MIT 1987,0-262-53092-9]].

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9. Objects / B. Unity of Objects / 3. Unity Problems / a. Scattered objects
Clearly a pipe can survive being taken apart
                        Full Idea: There is at the moment a pipe on my desk. Its stem has been removed but it remains a pipe for all that; otherwise no pipe could survive a thorough cleaning.
                        From: Richard Cartwright (Scattered Objects [1974], p.175)
                        A reaction: To say that the pipe survives dismantling is not to say that it is fully a pipe during its dismantled phase. He gives a further example of a book in two volumes.
Bodies don't becomes scattered by losing small or minor parts
                        Full Idea: If a branch falls from a tree, the tree does not thereby become scattered, and a human body does not become scattered upon loss of a bit of fingernail.
                        From: Richard Cartwright (Scattered Objects [1974], p.184)
                        A reaction: This sort of observation draws me towards essentialism. A body is scattered if you divide it in a major way, but not if you separate off a minor part. It isn't just a matter of size, or even function. We have broader idea of what is essential.