Combining Texts

All the ideas for 'Difference and Repetition', 'Politics' and 'Continuity and Irrational Numbers'

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58 ideas

1. Philosophy / D. Nature of Philosophy / 5. Aims of Philosophy / a. Philosophy as worldly
Free and great-souled men do not keep asking "what is the use of it?" [Aristotle]
1. Philosophy / H. Continental Philosophy / 1. Continental Philosophy
'Difference' refers to that which eludes capture [Deleuze, by May]
2. Reason / A. Nature of Reason / 2. Logos
Human beings, alone of the animals, have logos [Aristotle]
2. Reason / A. Nature of Reason / 4. Aims of Reason
Reasoning distinguishes what is beneficial, and hence what is right [Aristotle]
2. Reason / A. Nature of Reason / 7. Status of Reason
Intelligence which looks ahead is a natural master, while bodily strength is a natural slave [Aristotle]
6. Mathematics / A. Nature of Mathematics / 3. Nature of Numbers / g. Real numbers
We want the essence of continuity, by showing its origin in arithmetic [Dedekind]
6. Mathematics / A. Nature of Mathematics / 3. Nature of Numbers / i. Reals from cuts
A cut between rational numbers creates and defines an irrational number [Dedekind]
6. Mathematics / A. Nature of Mathematics / 4. Using Numbers / f. Arithmetic
Arithmetic is just the consequence of counting, which is the successor operation [Dedekind]
6. Mathematics / A. Nature of Mathematics / 5. The Infinite / l. Limits
If x changes by less and less, it must approach a limit [Dedekind]
7. Existence / A. Nature of Existence / 3. Being / a. Nature of Being
'Being' is univocal, but its subject matter is actually 'difference' [Deleuze]
Ontology can be continual creation, not to know being, but to probe the unknowable [Deleuze]
7. Existence / A. Nature of Existence / 3. Being / i. Deflating being
Ontology does not tell what there is; it is just a strange adventure [Deleuze, by May]
Being is a problem to be engaged, not solved, and needs a new mode of thinking [Deleuze, by May]
21. Aesthetics / A. Aesthetic Experience / 5. Natural Beauty
Nothing contrary to nature is beautiful [Aristotle]
21. Aesthetics / C. Artistic Issues / 5. Objectivism in Art
The collective judgement of many people on art is better than that of an individual [Aristotle]
22. Metaethics / A. Value / 2. Values / g. Self interest
Selfishness is wrong not because it is self-love, but because it is excessive [Aristotle]
22. Metaethics / C. Ethics Foundations / 2. Source of Ethics / j. Ethics by convention
Some say slavery is unnatural and created by convention, and is therefore forced, and unjust [Aristotle]
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 2. Elements of Virtue Theory / c. Motivation for virtue
People become good because of nature, habit and reason [Aristotle]
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 2. Elements of Virtue Theory / d. Teaching virtue
Music can mould the character to be virtuous (just as gymnastics trains the body) [Aristotle]
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 2. Elements of Virtue Theory / f. The Mean
The law is the mean [Aristotle]
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 3. Virtues / b. Temperance
It is quite possible to live a moderate life and yet be miserable [Aristotle]
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 4. External Goods / d. Friendship
Master and slave can have friendship through common interests [Aristotle]
24. Applied Ethics / C. Death Issues / 3. Abortion
Abortions should be procured before the embryo has acquired life and sensation [Aristotle]
25. Society / A. State of Nature / 1. A People / a. Human distinctiveness
Man is by nature a political animal [Aristotle]
People want to live together, even when they don't want mutual help [Aristotle]
25. Society / A. State of Nature / 1. A People / c. A unified people
A community must share a common view of good and justice [Aristotle]
25. Society / B. The State / 1. Purpose of a State
Every state is an association formed for some good purpose [Aristotle]
The state exists not for community, but for noble actions [Aristotle]
Aristotle says the state is natural, not conventional or contractual [Aristotle, by Annas]
25. Society / B. The State / 2. State Legitimacy / e. General will
The state aims to consist as far as possible of those who are like and equal [Aristotle]
25. Society / B. The State / 3. Constitutions
We must decide the most desirable human life before designing a constitution [Aristotle]
The six constitutions are monarchy/tyranny, aristocracy/oligarchy, and polity/democracy [Aristotle]
Any constitution can be made to last for a day or two [Aristotle]
25. Society / B. The State / 4. Citizenship
The virtues of a good citizen are relative to a particular constitution [Aristotle]
25. Society / B. The State / 5. Leaders / d. Elites
The only virtue special to a ruler is practical wisdom [Aristotle]
25. Society / B. The State / 8. Religion in Society
The whole state should pay for the worship of the gods [Aristotle]
25. Society / C. Social Justice / 1. Social Justice
The good is obviously justice, which benefits the whole community, and involves equality in some sense [Aristotle]
25. Society / C. Social Justice / 2. Social Freedom / a. Slavery
Natural slaves are those naturally belonging to another, or who can manage no more than labouring [Aristotle]
25. Society / C. Social Justice / 2. Social Freedom / e. Freedom of lifestyle
One principle of liberty is to take turns ruling and being ruled [Aristotle]
25. Society / C. Social Justice / 3. Social Equality / a. Grounds of equality
It is always the weak who want justice and equality, not the strong [Aristotle]
Treat equal people equally, and unequal people unequally [Aristotle, by Tuckness/Wolf]
We can claim an equal right to aristocratic virtue, as well as to wealth or freedom [Aristotle]
Equality is obviously there to help people who do not get priority in the constitution [Aristotle]
25. Society / C. Social Justice / 3. Social Equality / d. Economic equality
Phaleas proposed equality of property, provided there is equality of education [Aristotle]
25. Society / C. Social Justice / 4. Legal Rights / a. Basis of rights
Law is intelligence without appetite [Aristotle]
25. Society / D. Political Doctrines / 5. Democracy / a. Nature of democracy
Like water, large numbers of people are harder to corrupt than a few [Aristotle]
The many may add up to something good, even if they are inferior as individuals [Aristotle]
25. Society / D. Political Doctrines / 5. Democracy / d. Representative democracy
It is wrong that a worthy officer of state should seek the office [Aristotle]
25. Society / E. State Functions / 1. The Law / a. Legal system
Man is the worst of all animals when divorced from law and justice [Aristotle]
If it is easy to change the laws, that makes them weaker [Aristotle]
It is preferable that law should rule rather than any single citizen [Aristotle]
25. Society / E. State Functions / 4. Education / b. Aims of education
The aim of serious childhood play is the amusement of the complete adult [Aristotle]
A state is plural, and needs education to make it a community [Aristotle]
25. Society / E. State Functions / 4. Education / c. Teaching
Men learn partly by habit, and partly by listening [Aristotle]
26. Natural Theory / A. Speculations on Nature / 2. Natural Purpose / a. Final purpose
If nature makes everything for a purpose, then plants and animals must have been made for man [Aristotle]
26. Natural Theory / A. Speculations on Nature / 2. Natural Purpose / b. Limited purposes
The best instruments have one purpose, not many [Aristotle]
28. God / A. Divine Nature / 2. Divine Nature
God is not blessed and happy because of internal goods, but because of his own nature [Aristotle]
28. God / C. Attitudes to God / 4. God Reflects Humanity
Men imagine gods to be of human shape, with a human lifestyle [Aristotle]