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14. Science / D. Explanation / 1. Explanation / a. Explanation

[general ideas about the concept of explanation]

18 ideas
Universal principles are not primary beings, but particular principles are not universally knowable [Aristotle]
What is most universal is furthest away, and the particulars are nearest [Aristotle]
Universals are valuable because they make the explanations plain [Aristotle]
Are particulars explained more by universals, or by other particulars? [Aristotle]
Aristotelian explanations are facts, while modern explanations depend on human conceptions [Politis on Aristotle]
Surprisingly, empiricists before Mill ignore explanation, which seems to transcend experience [Ruben on Mill]
Explanations have states of affairs as their objects [Chisholm]
Unlike Newton, Einstein's general theory explains the perihelion of Mercury [Smart]
Explanations typically relate statements, not events [Davidson]
Explanatory exclusion: there cannot be two separate complete explanations of a single event [Kim]
Usually explanations just involve giving information, with no reference to the act of explanation [Ruben]
Hume allows interpolation, even though it and extrapolation are not actually valid [Molnar]
Explanation may describe induction, but may not show how it justifies, or leads to truth [Lipton]
Explanations must cite generalisations [Sider]
People tend to be satisfied with shallow explanations [Gelman]
The objective component of explanations is the things that must exist for the explanation [Bird]
We talk both of 'people' explaining things, and of 'facts' explaining things [Bird]
'Because' can signal an inference rather than an explanation [Liggins]