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22. Metaethics / B. The Good / 2. Happiness / b. Eudaimonia

[Greek concept of fulfilment/happiness/flourishing]

15 ideas
Socrates was the first to put 'eudaimonia' at the centre of ethics [Socrates, by Vlastos]
Happiness is secure enjoyment of what is good and beautiful [Plato]
Eudaimonia is said to only have final value, where reason and virtue are also useful [Aristotle, by Orsi]
Does Aristotle say eudaimonia is the aim, or that it ought to be? [McDowell on Aristotle]
Some good and evil can happen to the dead, just as the living may be unaware of a disaster [Aristotle]
Critolaus redefined Aristotle's moral aim as fulfilment instead of happiness [Critolaus, by White,SA]
Life is like a play - it is the quality that matters, not the length [Seneca]
'Eudaimonia' means 'having a good demon', implying supreme good fortune [Taylor,R]
What counts as 'flourishing' must be relative to various sets of values [Harman]
'Happiness' is a bad translation of 'eudaimonia', which includes both behaving and faring well [MacIntyre]
Philosophers after Aristotle endorsed the medical analogy for eudaimonia [Nussbaum, by Flanagan]
We need Eudaimonics - the empirical study of how we should flourish [Flanagan]
Nowadays we doubt the Greek view that the flourishing of individuals and communities are linked [Zagzebski]
Animals and plants can 'flourish', but only rational beings can have eudaimonia [Hursthouse]
With a broad concept of flourishing, it might be possible without the virtues [Statman]