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22. Metaethics / A. Ethical Ends / 5. Happiness / b. Eudaimonia

[Greek concept of fulfilment/happiness/flourishing]

12 ideas
Socrates was the first to put 'eudaimonia' at the centre of ethics [Vlastos on Socrates]
Happiness is secure enjoyment of what is good and beautiful [Plato]
Eudaimonia is said to only have final value, where reason and virtue are also useful [Orsi on Aristotle]
Does Aristotle say eudaimonia is the aim, or that it ought to be? [McDowell on Aristotle]
Some good and evil can happen to the dead, just as the living may be unaware of a disaster [Aristotle]
Critolaus redefined Aristotle's moral aim as fulfilment instead of happiness [White,SA on Critolaus]
Life is like a play - it is the quality that matters, not the length [Seneca]
'Eudaimonia' means 'having a good demon', implying supreme good fortune [Taylor,R]
'Happiness' is a bad translation of 'eudaimonia', which includes both behaving and faring well [MacIntyre]
Nowadays we doubt the Greek view that the flourishing of individuals and communities are linked [Zagzebski]
Animals and plants can 'flourish', but only rational beings can have eudaimonia [Hursthouse]
With a broad concept of flourishing, it might be possible without the virtues [Statman]