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10. Modality / E. Possible worlds / 3. Transworld Objects / b. Rigid designation

[items with fixed identity in all possible worlds]

22 ideas
A rigid designator (for all possible worlds) picks out an object by its essential traits [Quine]
In possible worlds, names are just neutral unvarying pegs for truths and predicates [Marcus (Barcan)]
Saying that natural kinds are 'rigid designators' is the same as saying they are 'indexical' [Putnam]
A 'rigid designator' designates the same object in all possible worlds [Kripke]
We cannot say that Nixon might have been a different man from the one he actually was [Kripke]
Test for rigidity by inserting into the sentence 'N might not have been N' [Kripke ,by Lycan]
Kripke avoids difficulties of transworld identity by saying it is a decision, not a discovery [Kripke ,by Jacquette]
If Kripke names must still denote a thing in a non-actual situation, the statue isn't its clay [Gibbard on Kripke]
A rigid expression may refer at a world to an object not existing in that world [Kripke ,by Sainsbury]
We do not begin with possible worlds and place objects in them; we begin with objects in the real world [Kripke]
It is a necessary truth that Elizabeth II was the child of two particular parents [Kripke]
Kaplan's 'Dthat' is a useful operator for transforming a description into a rigid designation [Kripke]
Possibilities for an individual can only refer to that individual, in some possible world [Plantinga ,by Mackie,P]
Rigid designators can be meaningful even if empty [Evans ,by Mackie,P]
Identity across possible worlds is prior to rigid designation [Brody]
Rigid designation seems to presuppose that differing worlds contain the same individuals [Stalnaker]
Kripke's semantics needs lots of intuitions about which properties are essential [Gibbard]
It doesn't take the whole of a possible Humphrey to win the election [Lewis]
A logically determinate name names the same thing in every possible world [Lewis]
Rigid designation has at least three essentialist presuppositions [Oderberg]
A thing doesn't need transworld identity prior to rigid reference - that could be a convention of the reference [Sidelle]
'Dthat' operates to make a singular term into a rigid term [Sidelle]