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19. Language / A. Nature of Meaning / 1. Meaning

[how one thing can represent another thing]

22 ideas
The meaning or purport of a symbol is all the rational conduct it would lead to [Peirce]
Meaning takes many different forms, depending on different logical types [Russell]
Make the following experiment: say "It's cold here" and mean "It's warm here" [Wittgenstein]
Husserl and Meinong wanted objective Meanings and Propositions, as subject-matter for Logic [Ryle]
Inculcations of meanings of words rests ultimately on sensory evidence [Quine]
It is troublesome nonsense to split statements into a linguistic and a factual component [Quine]
Theory of meaning presupposes theory of understanding and reference [Putnam]
Meaning and translation (which are needed to define truth) both presuppose the notion of reference [Putnam]
To understand a statement is to know what would make it acceptable [Habermas]
Nature has no preferred way of being represented [Rorty]
A minimum requirement for a theory of meaning is that it include an account of truth [Davidson]
Meaning is derived intentionality [Searle]
Speech acts, communication, representation and truth form a single theory [Harman]
For any statement, there is no one meaning which any sentence asserting it must have [Cartwright,R]
People don't assert the meaning of the words they utter [Cartwright,R]
Structuralists see meaning behaviouristically, and Chomsky says nothing about it [Katz]
If you don't know what you say you can't mean it; what people say usually fits what they mean [Stalnaker]
Semantic externalism says the concept 'elm' needs no further beliefs or inferences [Fodor]
If meaning is information, that establishes the causal link between the state of the world and our beliefs [Fodor]
Explain meaning by propositional attitudes, or vice versa, or together? [Miller,A]
I don't accept that if a proposition is directly about an entity, it has a relation to the entity [Merricks]
Internalist meaning is about understanding; externalist meaning is about embedding in a situation [Schroeter]