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2. Reason / D. Definition / 6. Definition by Essence

[essence as what figures in a successful definition]

14 ideas
Socrates sought essences, which are the basis of formal logic [Socrates, by Aristotle]
Essence is not all the necessary properties, since these extend beyond the definition [Aristotle, by Witt]
A definition is an account of a what-it-was-to-be-that-thing [Aristotle]
What it is and why it is are the same; screening defines and explains an eclipse [Aristotle]
The definition is peculiar to one thing, not common to many [Aristotle]
Maybe Locke described the real essence of a person [Locke, by Pasnau]
If definitions aim at different ideals, then defining essence is not a unitary activity [Gupta]
Defining a term and giving the essence of an object don't just resemble - they are the same [Fine,K]
The essence or definition of an essence involves either a class of properties or a class of propositions [Fine,K]
A definition of a circle will show what it is, and show its generating principle [Lowe]
Defining an ellipse by conic sections reveals necessities, but not the essence of an ellipse [Lowe]
An essence is what an entity is, revealed by a real definition; this is not an entity in its own right [Lowe]
A canonical defintion specifies the type of thing, and what distinguish this specimen [Hale]
Essences cause necessary features, and definitions describe those necessary features [Koslicki]