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5. Theory of Logic / L. Paradox / 2. Aporiai

[conflicts of thought that baffled and provoked the Greeks]

20 ideas
How can you seek knowledge of something if you don't know it? [Plato]
We must start with our puzzles, and progress by solving them, as they reveal the real difficulty [Aristotle]
Aporia 1: is there one science of explanation, or many? [Politis on Aristotle]
Aporia 2: Does one science investigate both ultimate and basic principles of being? [Politis on Aristotle]
Aporia 3: Does one science investigate all being, or does each kind of being have a science? [Politis on Aristotle]
Aporia 4: Does metaphysics just investigate pure being, or also the characteristics of being? [Politis on Aristotle]
Aporia 5: Do other things exist besides what is perceptible by the senses? [Politis on Aristotle]
Aporia 6: Are the basic principles of a thing the kinds to which it belongs, or its components? [Politis on Aristotle]
Aporia 7: Is a thing's kind the most general one, or the most specific one? [Politis on Aristotle]
Aporia 8: Are there general kinds, or merely particulars? [Politis on Aristotle]
Aporia 9: Is there one principle, or one kind of principle? [Politis on Aristotle]
Aporia 10: Do perishables and imperishables have the same principle? [Politis on Aristotle]
Aporia 11: Are primary being and unity distinct, or only in the things that are? [Politis on Aristotle]
Aporia 12: Do mathematical entities exist independently, or only in objects? [Politis on Aristotle]
Aporia 13: Are there kinds, as well as particulars and mathematical entities? [Politis on Aristotle]
Aporia 14: Are ultimate causes of things potentialities, or must they be actual? [Politis on Aristotle]
Aporia 15: Are the causes of things universals or particulars? [Politis on Aristotle]
Puzzles arise when reasoning seems equal on both sides [Aristotle]
A problem is a solid mass, which the mind must break up [Novalis]
By using aporiai as his start, Aristotle can defer to the wise, as well as to the many [Haslanger]