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9. Objects / C. Structure of Objects / 2. Hylomorphism / a. Hylomorphism

[general ideas about form specifying matter]

28 ideas
A 'whole' (rather than a mere 'sum') requires an internal order which distinguishes it [Aristotle]
The form of a thing is its essence and its primary being [Aristotle]
In 'Metaphysics' substantial forms take over from objects as primary [Aristotle ,by Frede,M]
Essences are not properties (since those can't cause individual substances) [Aristotle ,by Witt]
Plato says changing things have no essence; Aristotle disagrees [Aristotle ,by Politis]
Essential form is neither accidental nor necessary to matter, so it appears not to be a property [Aristotle ,by Witt]
Aristotle's cosmos is ordered by form, and disordered by matter [Aristotle ,by Gill,ML]
Aristotle moved from realism to nominalism about substances [Aristotle ,by Frede,M]
A substance is a proper subject because the matter is a property of the form, not vice versa [Aristotle ,by Gill,ML]
Aristotle doesn't think essential properties are those which must belong to a thing [Aristotle ,by Kung]
Forms of sensible substances include unrealised possibilities, so are not fully actual [Aristotle ,by Frede,M]
Form, not matter, is a thing's nature, because it is actual, rather than potential [Aristotle]
The unmoved mover and the soul show Aristotelian form as the ultimate mereological atom [Aristotle ,by Koslicki]
Substantial forms must exist, to explain the stability of metals like silver and tin [Albertus Magnus]
Hot water naturally cools down, which is due to the substantial form of the water [William of Ockham]
Forms must rule over faculties and accidents, and are the source of action and unity [Suárez]
Prime matter is free of all forms, but has the potential for all forms [Eustachius]
A chair is wood, and its shape is the form; it isn't 'compounded' of the matter and form [Hobbes]
Form is not a separate substance, but just the manner, modification or 'stamp' of matter [Boyle]
To cite a substantial form tells us what produced the effect, but not how it did it [Boyle]
Aristotelian essentialism involves a 'natural' or 'causal' interpretation of modal operators [Marcus (Barcan)]
Aristotelian essentialism is about shared properties, individuating essentialism about distinctive properties [Marcus (Barcan)]
If the substantial form of brass implies its stability, how can it melt and remain brass? [Alexander,P]
Modern emphasis is on properties had essentially; traditional emphasis is on sort-defining properties [Brody]
In 'Metaphysics' Z substantial primacy (as form) is explanatory rather than ontological [Wedin]
Form explains why some matter is of a certain kind, and that is explanatory bedrock [Wedin]
The extremes of essentialism are that all properties are essential, or only very trivial ones [Rami]
Corpuscularianism rejected not only form, but also the dependence of matter on form [Pasnau]