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9. Objects / C. Structure of Objects / 8. Parts of Objects / c. Wholes from parts

[the idea of summed parts as a single entity]

43 ideas
 13259 It seems that the One must be composed of parts, which contradicts its being one [Plato]
 15843 The whole can't be the parts, because it would be all of the parts, which is the whole [Plato]
 15844 A sum is that from which nothing is lacking, which is a whole [Plato]
 13260 Plato says wholes are either containers, or they're atomic, or they don't exist [Plato, by Koslicki]
 12878 Wholes are continuous, rigid, uniform, similar, same kind, similar matter [Aristotle, by Simons]
 16136 A syllable is something different from its component vowels and consonants [Aristotle]
 9071 We first sense whole entities, and then move to particular parts of it [Aristotle]
 16791 There is no whole except for the parts [Aristotle]
 13269 In the case of a house the parts can exist without the whole, so parts are not the whole [Aristotle]
 20825 How is divisibility possible, if stoics say things remain united when they are divided? [Alexander on Stoic school]
 20826 How is separateness possible, if separated things are always said to be united? [Alexander on Stoic school]
 20872 Stoics say wholes are more than parts, but entirely consist of parts [Stoic school, by Sext.Empiricus]
 10919 What prevents a stone from being divided into parts which are still the stone? [Duns Scotus]
 17244 To make a whole, parts needn't be put together, but can be united in the mind [Hobbes]
 12887 A whole must have one characteristic, an internal relation, and a structure [Rescher/Oppenheim]
 15474 Properly understood, wholes do no more causal work than their parts [Martin,CB]
 11844 If I destroy an item, I do not destroy each part of it [Wiggins]
 10810 I say that absolutely any things can have a mereological fusion [Lewis]
 9667 Mereological composition is unrestricted: any class of things has a mereological sum [Lewis]
 13268 There are no restrictions on composition, because they would be vague, and composition can't be vague [Lewis, by Sider]
 10566 Lewis prefers giving up singletons to giving up sums [Lewis, by Fine,K]
 14244 Lewis only uses fusions to create unities, but fusions notoriously flatten our distinctions [Oliver/Smiley on Lewis]
 10660 A commitment to cat-fusions is not a further commitment; it is them and they are it [Lewis]
 15440 A whole is distinct from its parts, but is not a further addition in ontology [Lewis]
 15444 Different things (a toy house and toy car) can be made of the same parts at different times [Lewis]
 17557 Special Composition Question: when is a thing part of something? [Inwagen]
 13328 Two sorts of whole have 'rigid embodiment' (timeless parts) or 'variable embodiment' (temporary parts) [Fine,K]
 18514 Many wholes can survive replacement of their parts [Heil]
 18517 Dunes depend on sand grains, but line segments depend on the whole line [Heil]
 6154 It is argued that wholes possess modal and counterfactual properties that parts lack [Rowlands]
 10658 Sameness of parts won't guarantee identity if their arrangement matters [Varzi]
 12888 The wholeness of a melody seems conventional, but of an explosion it seems natural [Simons]
 13742 There exist heaps with no integral unity, so we should accept arbitrary composites in the same way [Schaffer,J]
 13752 The notion of 'grounding' can explain integrated wholes in a way that mere aggregates can't [Schaffer,J]
 6956 At what point does an object become 'whole'? [Westaway]
 14949 A sum of things is not a whole if the whole does not support some new generalisation [Ladyman/Ross]
 10665 Leibniz's Law argues against atomism - water is wet, unlike water molecules [Hossack]
 10682 The fusion of five rectangles can decompose into more than five parts that are rectangles [Hossack]
 15392 If an object survives the loss of a part, complex objects can have autonomy over their parts [Robb]
 13266 Wholes in modern mereology are intended to replace sets, so they closely resemble them [Koslicki]
 14500 Wholes are entities distinct from their parts, and have different properties [Koslicki]
 13281 Wholes are not just their parts; a whole is an entity distinct from the proper parts [Koslicki]
 18434 That a whole is prior to its parts ('priority monism') is a view gaining in support [Edwards]