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2. Reason / A. Nature of Reason / 5. Objectivity

[seeing reality without a personal point of view]

32 ideas
Fichte's subjectivity struggles to then give any account of objectivity [Pinkard on Fichte]
Categories create objective experience, but are too conditioned by things to actually grasp them [Hegel]
Objectivity is not by correspondence, but by the historical determined necessity of Geist [Hegel, by Pinkard]
Whether human thinking can be 'true' must be decided in practice, not theory [Marx]
Frege sees no 'intersubjective' category, between objective and subjective [Dummett on Frege]
Keep the psychological and subjective separate from the logical and objective [Frege]
There exists a realm, beyond objects and ideas, of non-spatio-temporal thoughts [Frege, by Weiner]
Could not the objective character of things be merely a difference of degree within the subjective? [Nietzsche]
A single explanation must have a single point of view [James]
There is no objectivity in social sciences - only viewpoints for selecting and organising data [Weber]
The results of social research can be true, and not just subjectively valid for one person [Weber]
Contextual values are acceptable in research, but not in its final evaluation [Reichenbach, by Reiss/Sprenger]
Scientific objectivity lies in inter-subjective testing [Popper]
What matters in mathematics is its objectivity, not the existence of the objects [Dummett]
There are no ultimate standards of rationality, since we only assess others by our own standard [Davidson]
Truth and objectivity depend on a community of speakers to interpret what they mean [Davidson]
Objective truth arises from interpersonal communication [Davidson]
Views are objective if they don't rely on a person's character, social position or species [Nagel]
Things cause perceptions, properties have other effects, hence we reach a 'view from nowhere' [Nagel, by Reiss/Sprenger]
Realism invites scepticism because it claims to be objective [Nagel]
The task of philosophy is to unmask the illusion of objective reality [Baudrillard]
We become objective when we detach ourselves from the world [Janaway]
Since Kant, objectivity is defined not by the object, but by the statement's potential universality [Meillassoux]
In politics and ethics, scrutiny from different perspectives is essential for objectivity [Sen]
One view says objectivity is making a successful claim which captures the facts [Reiss/Sprenger]
An absolute scientific picture of reality must not involve sense experience, which is perspectival [Reiss/Sprenger]
Topic and application involve values, but can evidence and theory choice avoid them? [Reiss/Sprenger]
The Value-Free Ideal in science avoids contextual values, but embraces epistemic values [Reiss/Sprenger]
Value-free science needs impartial evaluation, theories asserting facts, and right motivation [Reiss/Sprenger]
Thermometers depend on the substance used, and none of them are perfect [Reiss/Sprenger]
We take part in objective truth, rather than observe it from a distance [Zimmermann,J]
Hermeneutic knowledge is not objective, but embraces interpretations [Zimmermann,J]