structure for 'Metaethics'    |     alphabetical list of themes    |     expand these ideas

22. Metaethics / A. Value / 1. Nature of Value / d. Subjective value

[values arising from a human perspective]

14 ideas
The appraiser's value is what is set by someone experienced in the facts [Stoic school, by Diog. Laertius]
Imagination creates beauty, justice and happiness, which is the supreme good [Pascal]
We don't want things because they are good; we judge things to be good because we want them [Spinoza]
Our rational choices confer value, arising from the sense that we ourselves are important [Kant, by Korsgaard]
Values are created by human choices, and are not some intrinsic quality, out there [Kant, by Berlin]
Fichte's idea of spontaneity implied that nothing counts unless we give it status [Fichte, by Pinkard]
Every good is essentially relative, for it has its essential nature only in its relation to a desiring will [Schopenhauer]
All evaluation is from some perspective, and aims at survival [Nietzsche]
The ruling drives of our culture all want to be the highest court of our values [Nietzsche]
Sartre's freedom is not for whimsical action, but taking responsibility for our own values [Sartre, by Daigle]
If values depend on us, freedom is the foundation of all values [Sartre]
It is by caring about things that we infuse the world with importance [Frankfurt]
If you don't care about at least one thing, you can't find reasons to care about anything [Frankfurt]
Aesthetic judgements necessarily require first-hand experience, unlike moral judgements [Gardner]