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23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 1. Virtue Theory / c. Particularism

[there are no rules, so we must attend to details]

8 ideas
Actions concern particular cases, and rules must fit the cases, not the other way round [Aristotle]
We cannot properly judge by rules, because blame depends on perception of particulars [Aristotle]
Moralities extravagantly address themselves to 'all', when they never generalise [Nietzsche]
No two actions are the same [Nietzsche]
Maybe the particularist moral thought of women is better than the impartial public thinking of men [Kymlicka]
Virtue theory can have lots of rules, as long as they are grounded in virtues and in facts [Zagzebski]
Any strict ranking of virtues or rules gets abandoned when faced with particular cases [Hursthouse]
It is not universals we must perceive for virtue, but particulars, seen as intrinsically good [Achtenberg]