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20. Action / B. Motives for Action / 1. Acting on Desires

[desires and emotions as the main motivator of action]

5 ideas
Pleasure and pain guide our choices of good and bad [Democritus]
It is an error that reason should control the passions, which give right guidance on their own [Tuck on Hobbes]
The will is just the last appetite before action [Hobbes]
Humans have variable dispositions, and also power to change their dispositions [Ellis]
Preferences can result from deliberation, not just precede it [Searle]