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26. Natural Theory / A. Speculations on Nature / 6. Early Matter Theories / e. The One

[nature is really a single perfect object]

20 ideas
The basic Eleatic belief was that all things are one [Xenophanes, by Plato]
Reason tells us that all things are one [Heraclitus]
People who say that the cosmos is one forget that they must explain movement [Aristotle on Parmenides]
The one is without any kind of motion [Parmenides]
There could be movement within one thing, as there is within water [Aristotle on Parmenides]
The one can't be divisible, because if it was it could be infinitely divided down to nothing [Parmenides, by Simplicius]
Defenders of the One say motion needs the void - but that is not part of Being [Parmenides, by Aristotle]
Reason sees reality as one, the senses see it as many [Aristotle on Parmenides]
Reality is symmetrical and balanced, like a sphere, with no reason to be greater one way rather than another [Parmenides]
The principle of 'Friendship' in Empedocles is the One, and is bodiless [Empedocles, by Plotinus]
The only movement possible for the One is in space or in alteration [Plato]
Everything partakes of the One in some way [Plato]
Some things do not partake of the One [Plato]
It doesn't explain the world to say it was originally all one. How did it acquire diversity? [Aristotle]
How can multiple existence arise from the unified One? [Plotinus]
Because the One is immobile, it must create by radiation, light the sun producing light [Plotinus]
Soul is the logos of Nous, just as Nous is the logos of the One [Plotinus]
Reality is one, because plurality implies relations, and they assert a superior unity [Bradley]
We can't deduce the phenomena from the One [Armstrong]
What makes Parmenidean reality a One rather than a Many? [Oderberg]