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16. Persons / D. Self and Body / 5. Role of the Body

[extent to which the body is essential to a Self]

12 ideas
The mind only knows itself by means of ideas of the modification of the body [Spinoza]
My little finger is part of me if I am conscious of it [Locke]
We need an account of the self based on rational principles, to avoid materialism [Kant]
Forget the word 'I'; 'I' is performed by the intelligence of your body [Nietzsche]
Bodily identity and memory work together to establish personal identity [Ayer]
Consciousness must involve a subject, and only bodies identify subjects [Ayer]
People own conscious states because they are causally related to the identifying body [Ayer]
Two experiences belong to one self if their contents belong with one body [Ayer]
Empiricists can define personal identity as bodily identity, which consists of sense-contents [Ayer]
A person is an entity to which we can ascribe predicates of consciousness and corporeality [Strawson,P]
If we have a pain, we are strongly aware of the bodily self [Cassam]
The self is founded on bodily awareness centred in the brain stem [Edelman/Tononi]