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27. Natural Reality / A. Physics / 1. Matter / d. Elements in general

[the basic components of complex compounds]

10 ideas
The visible forms of nature are earth, water, fire, air, ether; mind, reason, and the sense of 'I' [Anon (Bhag)]
The elements combine in coming-to-be, but how do the elements themselves come-to-be? [Aristotle on Empedocles]
All change is unity through love or division through hate [Empedocles]
If the one Being ever diminishes it would no longer exist, and what could ever increase it? [Empedocles]
Plants and animals can only come into existence if something fixes their species [Diogenes of Apollonia]
Things must retain their essential nature during change, or mixing would be impossible [Diogenes of Apollonia]
Elements are found last in dismantling bodies, and first in generating them [Albert of Saxony]
The Hot, Cold, Wet and Dry of the philosophers need themselves to be explained [Descartes]
The true elements are atomic monads [Leibniz]
Elements survive chemical change, and are tracked to explain direction and properties [Hendry]