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23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 2. Elements of Virtue Theory / j. Unity of virtue

[all virtues are variants of a single thing]

13 ideas
Socrates believed that basically there is only one virtue, the power of right judgement [Williams,B on Socrates]
The Guardians must aim to discover the common element in the four cardinal virtues [Plato]
Even if virtues are many and various, they must have something in common to make them virtues [Plato]
How can you know part of virtue without knowing the whole? [Plato]
True goodness requires mental unity and harmony [Plato]
Nowadays we (unlike Aristotle) seem agreed that someone can have one virtue but lack others [Williams,B on Aristotle]
Virtue is always moderate, so excess need not be feared [Seneca]
Varied aims cannot be good because they differ, but only become good when they unify [Boethius]
A man ignorant of himself is ignorant of all of the virtues [Spinoza]
We need phronesis to coordinate our virtues [Zagzebski]
Maybe in a deeply poisoned character none of their milder character traits could ever be a virtue [Hursthouse]
We are puzzled by a person who can show an exceptional virtue and also behave very badly [Hursthouse]
Being unusually virtuous in some areas may entail being less virtuous in others [Hursthouse]