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20. Action / C. Preliminaries of Action / 3. Willed Action / c. Weakness of will

[failing to perform the action which is judged best]

17 ideas
The common belief is that people can know the best without acting on it [Socrates]
Socrates did not accept the tripartite soul (which permits akrasia) [Vlastos on Socrates]
No one willingly commits an evil or base act [Socrates]
People do what they think they should do, and only ever do what they think they should do [Xenophon on Socrates]
Socrates was shocked by the idea of akrasia, but observation shows that it happens [Aristotle on Socrates]
Aristotle seems not to explain why the better syllogism is overcome in akratic actions [Burnyeat on Aristotle]
The akrates acts from desire not choice, and the enkrates acts from choice not desire [Aristotle]
Virtue is right reason and feeling and action. Akrasia and enkrateia are lower levels of action. [Cottingham on Aristotle]
Akrasia merely neglects or misunderstands knowledge, rather than opposing it [Achtenberg on Aristotle]
Some people explain akrasia by saying only opinion is present, not knowledge [Aristotle]
A person may act against one part of his knowledge, if he knows both universal and particular [Aristotle]
Licentious people feel no regret, but weak-willed people are capable of repentance [Aristotle]
Limited awareness leads to bad choices, and unconscious awareness makes us choose the bad [Perkins on Leibniz]
There is no will; weakness of will is splitting of impulses, strong will is coordination under one impulse [Nietzsche]
The causally strongest reason may not be the reason the actor judges to be best [Davidson]
We judge weakness of will by an assessment after the event is concluded [Cottingham on Williams,B]
There may be inverse akrasia, where the agent's action is better than their judgement recommends [Hursthouse]