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19. Language / C. Assigning Meanings / 9. Indexical Semantics

[giving meanings for terms that obviously depend on context]

14 ideas
Indexicals are unusual words, because they stimulate the hearer to look around [Peirce]
Science reduces indexicals to a minimum, but they can never be eliminated from empirical matters [Russell]
You can state truth-conditions for "I am sick now" by relativising it to a speaker at a time [Davidson, by Lycan]
If we replace 'I' in sentences about me, they are different beliefs and explanations of behaviour [Perry]
Indexicals individuate certain belief states, helping in explanation and prediction [Perry]
I can know indexical truths a priori, unlike their non-indexical paraphrases [McGinn]
The references of indexicals ('there', 'now', 'I') depend on the circumstances of utterance [Mautner]
I take indexicals such as 'this' and 'that' to be linked to some associated demonstration [Fine,K]
If two people think 'I am tired', they think the same thing, and they think different things [Recanati]
Indexicals (like mental files) determine their reference relationally, not by satisfaction [Recanati]
Indexical don't refer; only their tokens do [Recanati]
Indexicals are just non-constant in meaning, and don't involve any special concepts [Cappelen/Dever]
Fregeans say 'I' differs in reference, so it must also differ in sense [Cappelen/Dever]
All indexicals can be expressed non-indexically [Cappelen/Dever]