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10. Modality / A. Necessity / 4. De re / De dicto modality

[modes of reality, or modes of statement about it]

14 ideas
A deduction is necessary if the major (but not the minor) premise is also necessary [Aristotle]
The de dicto-de re modality distinction dates back to Abelard [Orenstein on Abelard]
To be necessarily greater than 7 is not a trait of 7, but depends on how 7 is referred to [Quine]
A de dicto necessity is true in all worlds, but not necessarily of the same thing in each world [Cresswell]
Expressing modality about a statement is 'de dicto'; expressing it of property-possession is 'de re' [Plantinga]
'De dicto' true and 'de re' false is possible, and so is 'de dicto' false and 'de re' true [Plantinga]
Can we find an appropriate 'de dicto' paraphrase for any 'de re' proposition? [Plantinga]
'De re' modality is as clear as 'de dicto' modality, because they are logically equivalent [Plantinga]
De re modal predicates are ambiguous [Rudder Baker on Lewis]
De dicto necessity has linguistic entities as their source, so it is a type of de re necessity [Shalkowski]
De re modal formulae, unlike de dicto, are sensitive to transworld identities [Forbes,G]
De re modality seems to apply to objects a concept intended for sentences [Burgess]
Evaluation of de dicto modalities does not depend on the identity of its objects [Sidelle]
'De re' modality is about things themselves, 'de dicto' modality is about propositions [Melia]