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2. Reason / E. Argument / 3. Analogy

[attempting proof by comparison with similar cases]

8 ideas
Some things cannot be defined, and only an analogy can be given [Aristotle]
All reasoning concerning matters of fact is based on analogy (with similar results of similar causes) [Hume]
An analogy begins to break down as soon as the two cases differ [Hume]
Philosophical examples rarely fit rules properly, and lead to inflexibility [Kant]
You can't infer that because you have a hidden birth-mark, everybody else does [Ayer]
Legal reasoning is analogical, not deductive [Fogelin]
Babylonian thinking used analogy, rather than deduction or induction [Watson]
Don't trust analogies; they are no more than a guideline [Halbach]