structure for 'Ethics'    |     alphabetical list of themes    |     expand these ideas

23. Ethics / D. Deontological Ethics / 4. Persons as Ends

[seeing rational beings as an ultimate value in actions]

3 ideas
Always treat humanity as an end and never as a means only [Kant]
Rational beings necessarily conceive their own existence as an end in itself [Kant]
Everyone (even God) must treat rational beings as ends in themselves, and not just as means [Kant]