structure for 'Religion'    |     alphabetical list of themes    |     expand these ideas

29. Religion / F. Problem of Evil / 1. Problem of Evil

[reasons for the existence of evil]

15 ideas
Empedocles said good and evil were the basic principles [Aristotle on Empedocles]
There must always be some force of evil ranged against good [Plato]
The lists of good men who have suffered and bad men who have prospered are endless [Cicero]
God can do anthing, but he cannot do evil, so evil must be nothing [Boethius]
If you could see the plan of Providence, you would not think there was evil anywhere [Boethius]
Evil must be tolerated, because it allows God to bring good out of evil, which is a supreme good [PG on Aquinas]
Evil is a negation of good, which arises from non-being [Leibniz]
God only made sin possible because a much greater good can be derived from it [Leibniz]
How can an all-good, wise and powerful being allow evil, sin and apparent injustice? [Leibniz]
Being confident of God's goodness, we disregard the apparent local evils in the visible world [Leibniz]
Metaphysical evil is imperfection; physical evil is suffering; moral evil is sin [Leibniz]
Particular evils are really good when linked to the whole system of beings [Berkeley]
Is evil an illusion, or a necessary contrast, or uncontrollable, or necessary for human free will? [PG on Mackie]
The propositions that God is good and omnipotent, and that evil exists, are logically contradictory [PG on Mackie]
There is a problem of evil only if you expect the world to be good [Williams,B]