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11. Knowledge Aims / C. Knowing Reality / 1. Perceptual Realism / b. Direct realism

[we are in direct contact with reality]

13 ideas
If existence is perceived directly, by which sense; if indirectly, how is it inferred from direct perception? [Berkeley]
Reid is seen as the main direct realist of the eighteenth century [Robinson,H on Reid]
It always remains possible that the world just is the way it appears [Nietzsche]
'Acquaintance' is direct awareness, without inferences or judgements [Russell]
Scientific direct realism says we know some properties of objects directly [Dancy,J]
Maybe we are forced from direct into indirect realism by the need to explain perceptual error [Dancy,J]
Commonsense realism must account for the similarity of genuine perceptions and known illusions [Lockwood]
I think greenness is a complex microphysical property of green objects [Lycan]
Direct realism says justification is partly a function of pure perceptual states, not of beliefs [Pollock/Cruz]
'Ecological' approaches say we don't infer information, but pick it up directly from reality [Lowe]
Surely I am acquainted with physical objects, not with appearances? [Williamson]
There is a continuum from acquaintance to description in knowledge, depending on the link [Recanati]
Direct realism is false, because defeasibility questions are essential to perceptual knowledge [Galloway]