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9. Objects / A. Existence of Objects / 1. Physical Objects

[what distinctively unifies physical objects]

34 ideas
Aristotle gave up his earlier notion of individuals, because it relied on universals [Aristotle, by Frede,M]
Form and matter may not make up a concrete particular, because there are also accidents like weight [Aristotle, by Frede,M]
Bodies distinctively have cohesion of parts, and power to communicate motion [Locke]
Objects in themselves are not known to us at all [Kant]
The a priori concept of objects in general is the ground of experience [Kant]
A perceived physical object is events grouped around a centre [Russell]
Physical things are series of appearances whose matter obeys physical laws [Russell]
Treating scattered sensations as single objects simplifies our understanding of experience [Quine]
A physical object is the four-dimensional material content of a portion of space-time [Quine]
If physical objects are a myth, they are useful for making sense of experience [Quine]
Physical objects in space-time are just events or processes, no matter how disconnected [Quine]
The notion of a physical object is by far the most useful one for science [Quine]
Aristotle says an object (e.g. a lamp) has identity if its parts stay together when it is moved [Putnam]
Concrete objects such as sounds and smells may not be possible objects of ostension [Dummett]
Material objects are in space and time, move, have a surface and mass, and are made of some stuff [Inwagen]
Maybe table-shaped particles exist, but not tables [Inwagen, by Lowe]
Tropes are basic particulars, so concrete particulars are collections of co-located tropes [Campbell,K]
Bundles must be unique, so the Identity of Indiscernibles is a necessity - which it isn't! [Campbell,K]
Being a physical object is our most fundamental category [Jubien]
An object is a predication subject, distinguished by a distinctive combination of properties [Jacquette]
Trope theorists usually see objects as 'bundles' of tropes [Heil]
Objects are substances, which are objects considered as the bearer of properties [Heil]
The notion of 'object' is at least partially structural and mathematical [Shapiro]
Perhaps concrete objects are entities which are in space-time and subject to causality [Lowe]
Our commitment to the existence of objects should depend on their explanatory value [Lowe]
Objects are entities with full identity-conditions, but there are entities other than objects [Lowe]
To be an object at all requires identity-conditions [Lowe]
An object is 'natural' if its stages are linked by certain non-supervenient relations [Hawley]
I say that most of the objects of folk ontology do not exist [Merricks]
Is swimming pool water an object, composed of its mass or parts? [Merricks]
The modern concept of an object is rooted in quantificational logic [Linnebo]
Things are constructs for tracking patterns (and not linguistic, because animals do it) [Ladyman/Ross]
Ordinary objects may be not indispensable, but they are nearly unavoidable [Thomasson]
The simple existence conditions for objects are established by our practices, and are met [Thomasson]