In a society where a man has to live at others' expense, he owes in labour the price of his keep; and that is without exception. Work, then, is an indispensable social obligation. Rich or poor, powerful or weak, every idle citizen is a thief.
Gist of Idea
We all owe labour in return for our keep, and every idle citizen is a thief
Jean-Jacques Rousseau (Emile: treatise on education , Bk III)
Presumably rich landowners who live on rents can justify their position by good husbandry, at a higher level than tilling the soil. But Bertie Wooster won't last long in Rousseau's new world. This is a big challenge to the welfare state.
'Les Philosophes', ed/tr. Torrey,Norman L. [Perigee 1980], p.166